LEARNING EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE LEARNING

The ability to learn distinguishes humans from animals. Every human behaviour, with the exception of reflexive and instinctive behaviour, is the result of learning. Man learns to reason, relate, and solve problems from a young age. Indeed, every child must learn to be human, either formally through education or informally through socialization.

Importantly, as Plato, the great Philosopher, reasoned, emotion is at the root of all learning. Consider how you would feel if you had to give a paper to the entire board of professors, and you’ll understand the importance of emotions in everything we do as humans. Fear, happiness, and depression are examples of other emotions to which humans react. Man is appropriately defined as an emotional being because of this. Emotions do, in fact, guide people’s actions and give meaning to their lives (Beytekin, 2013). But what exactly does “effective learning” imply, and how can you ensure it in your classroom? These are just two of the major questions you would find answers to in this post. 

What is Learning?

It is essential to comprehend what learning is in order to properly comprehend what effective learning is and how to implement effective learning strategies.

Learning is the process of gaining knowledge, skills, and values. In psychology, It is defined as a somewhat persistent and observable change in knowledge or behaviour caused by experience. Learning, according to Ramsden (2002), is a shift in learners’ perceptions of their surroundings. In the context of what we’re talking about, learning refers to students’ ability to gain knowledge, skills, and values that will help them succeed in life and become useful members of society. This is why students at all levels of education place a high value on learning. Indeed, learning is the core business of students. According to a Psychologist by the name, Benjamin Bloom, there are three paths to what and how students learn: 

  1. Affective Learning – This is concerned with attitudes, motivation, readiness to participate, valuing what is learnt, and, finally, absorbing the discipline’s principles into a way of life. Observation is usually the method of choice for this type of learning.
  2. Cognitive Learning – This is the process of gaining new knowledge or information. The emphasis is on recalling or recognising specific facts and concepts, as well as their comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Direct teaching is used to educate cognitive learning.
  3. Psychomotor Learning – This is learning of practical tasks and skills which occurs through observation and practice. 

Although cognitive learning is essential to the other two, affective and psychomotor learning styles also require cognitive elements. To put it another way, all three learning styles are intertwined and vital. To ensure effective learning, a concerted effort must be made to involve learners in all three types of learning as much as feasible.

What is Effective learning?

New information must stimulate students’ critical thinking (cognitive learning), stimulate their interest (affective learning), and help them build new abilities for learning to be meaningful or effective (psychomotor learning). The ultimate purpose of holistic learning is to offer students with new knowledge, encourage them to think critically, and help them realize how the new knowledge may be used in real-life situations. The truth is, however, that such comprehensive learning does not just happen; certain aspects must be addressed in order for it to occur. Following are a handful of these factors.

Factors of Effective Learning 

  1. Learner Characteristics: Adolescents make up the great majority of secondary school students. Adolescent learners confront numerous hurdles by their very nature. For example, most adolescents’ allegiance shifts from their parents to their peers as a result of socio-emotional changes; they develop a liking for the opposite sex and feel compelled to satisfy sexual desires; they are preoccupied with themselves; they seek acceptance; they seek ideal self-identity and they have frequent mood swings. It cannot be overstated that adolescents require extra encouragement to face such a diverse set of problems before they can concentrate on their studies. The good news is that adolescents are generally capable of abstract, critical, and independent reasoning due to their high level of intellectual development. They enjoy active and participatory learning activities; they are very curious, eager to learn new skills that they believe will benefit them, and they can multitask. Adolescents’ intellectual inclinations go a great way toward making learning simple and enjoyable in the classrooms of creative teachers.
  2. Emotions and Learning: Students’ learning abilities are influenced by their emotions, both positive and negative. Learners who are emotionally invested in their studies pay close attention to the details. They take an active role in classroom activities. They ask questions and put what they’ve learned into practice. As a result, emotionally invested learners gain a thorough comprehension of the subject they are studying. But why aren’t all learners enthusiastic about learning? The reason for this is primarily due to individual differences.
  3. Individual Differences: Students differ in their methods to learning new information, in the ways they think, recall, solve problems, and make meaning of a given learning assignment. Individual biological (Hereditary) and psychological (Environmental) variables influence how students perceive events, objects, sights, sounds, and feelings, resulting in variances in learning styles. For example, although some students pay close attention to the details of what they learn, others pay less attention. Similarly, when it comes to problem-solving, some students like to think about all of their options before answering (reflective), while others are more concerned with getting things done fast (impulsive). Students who pay attention to details are more likely to actively participate in and be emotionally invested in their study. They are more likely to think, question, assess, connect ideas, and practice until they fully comprehend the topic they are studying.
  4. Learning Styles: Another important factor is that pupils have different learning styles. Some people are visual learners, others are auditory learners, and yet others are kinesthetic learners. Visual learners benefit from being shown diagrams and images that are related to the subject topic; auditory learners enjoy being given thorough information about the subject matter; and kinesthetic learners benefit from physically doing what they are learning. Most students employ all three learning styles at some point during their education, but each learner has a favourite type. As a result, multiple activities must be used in teaching to fit all learning styles in order to ensure that learners become emotionally interested in learning. Below are strategies for accommodating different learning styles and ensuring effective learning.

Strategies for Effective Learning 

The quality of teaching strategies used by teachers determines the amount to which students can become active learners. For example, it is well known that today’s youth are more fascinated with various forms of Information Technology (IT), such as cell phones, iPads, computers, and the internet. On mobile devices, most young people today want to listen to music, read the news, and engage with one another. In short, young people now seek to ‘learn on-the-go’ more than ever before, and they appear to have a short attention span for activities that are neither entertaining or technologically compatible. Therefore, if teaching is to be effective, it must be presented in ways that stimulate your students’ attention. For example, you’ll need to purposefully minimize the use of the “chalk and talk” method in favour of technological tactics that help keep students engaged and interested in learning.

Different activities, such as group work, exercises, debates, demonstrations, role acting, and so on, should be incorporated into your teaching to make students motivated and involved in their learning. It will also be essential to supplement your teaching with instructional materials such as photos, real objects, brief video clips, and so on, because research has shown that students must do more than just listen in order to learn. Learners who are exposed to a variety of teaching styles are more likely to be engaged in learning and actively participate in the process.

So, what is the process involved in using such teaching strategies? This question is answered here!

If you have any questions or you have any suggestions regarding this post STRATEGIES OF EFFECTIVE LEARNING, kindly drop it in the comment box.

By Teezab

His name is Tiamiy Abdulbazeet. He is a writer and loves to write about Education, and all types of news. If he is not writing, then know that he is playing a game!😃

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