What is Values In Civic Education, Types And Importance

There are various definitions of values, so I will explore them in the context of civic education, including its forms and social significance.

What are Values in Civic Education?

What are Values in Civic Education

Values are precepts, moral principles, ideas, and beliefs that people hold dearly and cherish, e.g. honesty, contentment, faithfulness, justice, tolerance, fair play, etc

Values signify norms and behavioral traits which are generally accepted as being of great worth in society.

Types of Values

There are three (3) types of values namely:

Positive values: These are the traits that are advantageous to both the individual and society at large. Honesty, integrity, perseverance, hard work, diligence, discipline, patience, respect, and other virtues are examples of positive values.

Negative values: These are traits that are harmful to both the individual and society at large. A person with poor values will only succeed in ruining his or her life. Negative values are undesirable and useless traits that can only lead to one’s demise. This could take the shape of emphasizing the bad habit in order to satisfy one’s own desires.

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Intrinsic values: Values that come naturally to someone or something are called intrinsic values. It can also be thought of as being a feature of something valuable on its own. For instance, younger people are expected to kneel or prostrate for elders in several tribes in Nigeria as a display of respect. The elder people (in the example above) are given more respect because of their seniority and rank. His age and status are seen as intrinsic values in this situation because they are consistent with his character and nature.

Importance of Values

Values aid in determining and regulating how people behave in a society.

They serve as standards or benchmarks for evaluating how members of society behave.

They provide individuals in the family and society at large with direction and concentration.

They assist us in making decisions.

They influence how we feel and act toward other people by teaching us tolerence for other viewpoints and ways of behaving.

Values serve as guidelines for behavior for members of a society.

They direct people toward achieving stated goals, such as family, community, corporate, and national goals, among others.

They encourage cooperation, peace, and unity in society.

They promote a sense of accountability and diligence among Nigerians.


Values are precepts, moral principles, ideas and beliefs which people hold dearly and cherish, e.g. honesty, contentment, faithfulness, justice, tolerance, fair play and so on. Values are standard criteria which determine how the people of a society, nation or state think and relate with one another.Values refer to the worth attached to things which may not be quantifiable, e.g. integrity, hard work, perseverance and so on.

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